Case: Value Chain Analyses training in Mozambique

Client: School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Eduardo Mondlane University

The School for Business and Entrepreneurship (ESNEC) is new faculty of the largest and oldest University in Mozambique. Eduardo Mondlane University. Their mission is to provide a university education with practical experience that educates students according to the needs of the labour market. This seems logical, but is not easy in a country where for example most agronomists have never actually seen a piece of irrigation equipment during their entire studies.

Designing a pragmatic (action) research program

As part of a larger four year training program SENSE designed a pragmatic research program. The program has 5 goals:

1. Train professors in action research methods and interactive ways of facilitation and teaching

2. Train students in how to do practical research

3. Provide local case studies to illustrate the theory

4. Provide students and teachers with an overview of the current issues in the field

5. Help local businesses and institutions

The first component is a value chain analyses to be conducted by third years students annually. During the training students learn how to do a value chain analyses by doing an actual analyses under guidance of professors. The result of the analyses is a list of practical issues in a value chain.

During the second semester students from several disciplines can work on the issues identified in the value chain analyses during an internship or practical. For example is the short tomato season is one of the key problems identified during the chain analyses, commercial agriculture students can then to practical tests with local farmers with new varieties, or farming under shade cloth.

Each year a writing workshop is held to document the research results. The teachers with the help of educational experts then translate these into cases for the different subjects.

The start of the program: the first workshops

In August 2012 the Action research program started with a training of trainers on value chain Analyses. Together with the learning for development hub SENSE designed a practical course. In this course Value Chain Analyses theory is blended with fieldwork and practical skills training. By working on a real case, the teachers learned how to apply the theory in practice. During the two-week course the 12 participants performed a basic analyses of the rice value chain in Southern Mozambique. Composing a questionnaire, interview techniques, selecting respondents and interactive teaching and facilitation methods were amongst the skills taught.

In September 2012 the first round of action research with students was kicked off. The teachers had selected 30 highly motivated students from the many applicants. The program started with a 1-week workshop where the basic of value chain analyses were taught, and interview skills taught and practiced in the field. In addition the students received a first session on writing skills. The students were divided in four working groups for the program along the four value chains chosen by the teachers: tomatoes, onion, beef and chicken.

This time the bulk of the training and facilitation was done by the teachers that had followed the training of trainers in August. SENSE and Learning 4 Development Hub provided the support and coaching to the teachers.

Between September and March the students continued their fieldwork, under guidance of teachers. SENSE and Learning4development in turn guided the teachers. In December a mid-term meeting was held with each group to asses progress, discuss questions and solve practical issues and make a plan for the remainder of the period.

In March 2013 a writing workshop was organised. During this so-called write shop the teams, including the teachers, wrote the results of the fieldwork in the form of a case study. A standard template was used to provide the participants guidance and ensure the structure of all of the five cases would be comparable.